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PHASE NOISE

The greatest loss of time is delay and expectation, which depend upon the future.

We let go the present, which we have in our power, and look forward to that

which depends upon chance, and so relinquish a certainty for an uncertainty”

 (Seneca, 5 BC - 65 AD)

  1. Mathecken P., Riihonen T., Werner S., Wichman R.: Phase Noise Estimation in OFDM: Utilizing Its Associated Spectral Geometry. IEEE Trans on Signal Processing, Vol. 64, no. 8, 2016, pp. 1999 – 2012. DOI 10.1109/TSP.2015.2512532

  2. Zheng Zheng, Zhao Changming, Zhang Haiyang, et al.: Phase noise reduction by using dual-frequency laser in coherent detection. Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 80, 2016, pp. 169175. DOI 10.1016/j.optlastec.2016.01.005

  3. Li Zhipeng, Liu Yongzhi, Bao Jingfu: A phase noise reduction method in microwave oscillator using a high-Q transmission line loaded with active SIW resonator. Microwave & Optical Techn. Lett., Vol. 58, no. 1, 2016, pp. 221225. DOI 10.1002/mop.29536

  4. Liu L., Pokharel R.: Compact Modeling of Phase-Locked Loop Frequency Synthesizer for Transient Phase Noise and Jitter Simulation. IEEE Trans on CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 35, no. 1, 2016, pp. 166170. DOI 10.1109/TCAD.2015.2472018

  5. Ngebani I., Li Y., Xia X.G., Zhao M.: EM-Based Phase Noise Estimation in Vector OFDM Systems Using Linear MMSE Receivers. IEEE Trans on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 65, no. 1, 2016, pp. 110122. DOI 10.1109/TVT.2015.2391255

  6. Yi X., Shaohua Hu, Hongyan Zhou, Changwei Tang, et al.: Phase Noise Effects on Phase-Modulated Coherent Optical OFDM. IEEE Photonics Journal, Vol. 8, no. 1, 2016, pp. 18. DOI 10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2509858

  7. Pepe F., Andreani P.: Still More on the 1/f 2 Phase Noise Performance of Harmonic Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS II : Express Briefs, Vol. 63, no. 6, 2016, pp. 538542. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2016.2530438

  8. Shayovitz S., Raphaeli D.: Message Passing Algorithms for Phase Noise Tracking Using Tikhonov Mixtures. IEEE Trans on Communications, Vol. 64, no. 1, 2016, pp. 387401. DOI 10.1109/TCOMM.2015.2506553

  9. Suo Z., Zhang J., Li M., Zhang Q., Fang C.: Improved InSAR Phase Noise Filter in Frequency Domain. IEEE Trans on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 54, no. 2, 2016, pp. 11851195. DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2476355

  10. Wang W., Liu J.G., Mei H., Sun W., Zhu N.: Photonic-Assisted Wideband Phase Noise Analyzer Based on Optoelectronic Hybrid Units. J. of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34, no. 14, 2016, pp. 34253431. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2016.2568159

  11. Maffezzoni P., Bahr B., Zhang Z., Daniel L.: Reducing Phase Noise in Multi-Phase Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 63, no. 3, 2016, pp. 379388. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2016.2525078

  12. Le S.T., Haigh P.A., Ellis A.D., Turitsyn S.: Blind Phase Noise Estimation for CO-OFDM Transmissions. J. of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34, no. 2, 2016, pp. 745753. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2015.2469542

  13. Shoshani O., Shaw S.W.: Phase Noise Reduction and Optimal Operating Conditions for a Pair of Synchronized Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 63, no. 1, 2016, pp. 111. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2015.2495781

  14. Liu Guang, Song Rui, Guo Huadong, et al.: Filtering SAR interferometric phase noise using a split-window model. Remote Sensing Lett., Vol. 7, no. 8, 2016, pp. 800809. DOI 10.1080/2150704X.2016.1187316

  15. Dalafi A., Naderi M.H.: Phase noise and squeezing spectra of the output field of an optical cavity containing an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate. J. of Physics B - Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 49, no. 14, 2016, Article # 145501. DOI 10.1088/0953-4075/49/14/145501

  16. Zhao Jian, Zhao Yang, Wang Xi, et al.: A System Decomposition Model for Phase Noise in Silicon Oscillating Accelerometers. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 16, no. 13, 2016, pp. 52595269. DOI 10.1109/JSEN.2016.2557458

  17. Wang Danshi, Zhang Min, Cai Zhongle, et al.: Combatting nonlinear phase noise in coherent optical systems with an optimized decision processor based on machine learning. Optics Communications, Vol. 369, 2016, pp. 199208. DOI 10.1016/j.optcom.2016.02.029

  18. Khanzadi M.R., Durisi G., Eriksson T.: Capacity of SIMO and MISO Phase-Noise Channels With Common/Separate Oscillators. IEEE Trans on Communications, Vol. 63, no. 9, 2015, pp. 32183231. DOI 10.1109/TCOMM.2015.2408605

  19. Imani A., Hashemi H.: An FBAR/CMOS Frequency/Phase Discriminator and Phase Noise Reduction System. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 63, no. 5, 2015, pp. 16581665. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2015.2416239

  20. Yankov M.P., Fehenberger T., Barletta L., Hanik N.: Low-Complexity Tracking of Laser and Nonlinear Phase Noise in WDM Optical Fiber Systems. J. of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 33, no. 23, 2015, pp. 49754984. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2015.2493202

  21. Huang X., Chen P., Wu Fei, et al.: Prediction, simulation, and verification of the phase noise in 80-MHz low-phase-noise crystal oscillators. IEEE Trans on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 62, no. 9, 2015, pp. 15991604. DOI 10.1109/TUFFC.2015.007153

  22. Ahmed E., Eltawil A.M.: On Phase Noise Suppression in Full-Duplex Systems. IEEE Trans on Wireless Comm., Vol. 14, no. 3, 2015, pp. 12371251. DOI 10.1109/TWC.2014.2365536

  23. Mazzanti A., Bevilacqua A.: On the Phase Noise Performance of Transformer-Based CMOS Differential-Pair Harmonic Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 62, no. 9, 2015, pp. 23342341. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2015.2451915

  24. Zhao J., Zhou H., Liu F., Yu Y.: Numerical Analysis of Phase Noise Characteristics of SGDBR Lasers. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 21, no. 6, 2015, pp. 223231. DOI 10.1109/JSTQE.2015.2424831

  25. Hörberg M., Emanuelsson T., Lai S., Thanh T.N.D., Zirath H., Kuylenstierna D.: Phase-Noise Analysis of an X-Band Ultra-Low Phase-Noise GaN HEMT Based Cavity Oscillator. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 63, no. 8, 2015, pp. 2619-2629. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2015.2447514

  26. Negusse S., Zetterberg P., Händel P.: Phase-Noise Mitigation in OFDM by Best Match Trajectories. IEEE Trans on Communications, Vol. 63, no. 5, 2015, pp. 17121725. DOI 10.1109/TCOMM.2015.2422829

  27. Zhang L., Poddar A.K., Rohde U.L., Daryoush A.S.: Self-ILPLL Using Optical Feedback for Phase Noise Reduction in Microwave Oscillators. IEEE Photonics Technology Lett., Vol. 27, no. 6, 2015, pp. 624627. DOI 10.1109/LPT.2014.2386868

  28. Cho J.H., Kim H., Sung H.K.: Reduction of Spurious Tones and Phase Noise in Dual-Loop OEO by Loop-Gain Control. IEEE Photonics Technology Lett., Vol. 27, no. 13, 2015, pp. 13911393. DOI 10.1109/LPT.2015.2421892

  29. Ferreira Carlos Eduardo Salles, Siqueira Gláucio Lima, Sampaio Neto Raimundo: Phase Noise Effects on Wideband Mobile Radio Channel Sounding. Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. 14, no. 2, 2015, pp. 132154. DOI 10.1590/2179-10742015v14i2471

  30. David-Grignot S., Azais F., Latorre L., et al.: Phase Noise Testing of Analog/IF Signals Using Digital ATE: A New Post-Processing Algorithm for Extended Measurement Range. J. of Electronic Testing - Theory and Applications, Vol. 31, no. 5-6, 2015, pp. 443459. DOI 10.1007/s10836-015-5548-y

  31. Kakkar A., Navarro J.R., Schatz R., et al.: Comprehensive Study of Equalization-Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Optical Systems. J. of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 33, no. 23, 2015, pp. 48344841. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2015.2491363

  32. Yang L., Verba R., Tiberkevich V., et al.: Reduction of phase noise in nanowire spin orbit torque oscillators. Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, 2015, Article # 16942. DOI 10.1038/srep16942

  33. Hmood J.K., Noordin K.A., Harun S.W., et al.: Mitigation of phase noise in all-optical OFDM systems based on minimizing interaction time between subcarriers. Optics Communications, Vol. 355, 2015, pp. 313320. DOI 10.1016/j.optcom.2015.06.059

  34. Patel S.S., Gupta S., Ghodgaonkar D.: Design of low power low phase noise negative resistance Ku-band VCO using planar resonator pair. Microwave & Optical Techn. Lett., Vol. 57, no. 8, 2015, pp. 19381941. DOI 10.1002/mop.29232

  35. Yang Ziqiang, Luo Bangyu, Dong Jun, Yang Tao, Jin Haiyan: Low phase noise oscillator based on quarter mode substrate integrated waveguide technique. IEICE Electronics Express, Vol. 12, no. 6, 2015, Article # 20150046. DOI 10.1587/elex.12.20150046

  36. Qiong Zou, Kaixue Ma, Kiat Seng Yeo: A Low Phase Noise and Wide Tuning Range Millimeter-Wave VCO Using Switchable Coupled VCO-Cores. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 62, no. 2, 2015, pp. 554563. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2014.2362309

  37. Xianhe Huang, Dong Liu, Yan Wang, Pingping Chen, Wei Fu: 100-MHz Low-Phase-Noise Microprocessor Temperature-Compensated Crystal Oscillator. IEEE Trans on CAS II : Express Briefs, Vol. 62, no. 7, 2015, pp. 636640. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2015.2415652

  38. Zhanjun Bai, Xing Zhou, Mason R.D., Allan G.: Low-Phase Noise Clock Distribution Network Using Rotary Traveling-Wave Oscillators and Built-In Self-Test Phase Tuning Technique. IEEE Trans on CAS II : Express Briefs, Vol. 62, no. 1, 2015, pp. 4145. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2014.2362743

  39. Zhuang Jun-Ping, Chan Sze-Chun: Phase noise characteristics of microwave signals generated by semiconductor laser dynamics. Optics Express, Vol. 23, no. 3, 2015, pp. 27772797. DOI 10.1364/OE.23.002777

  40. Deng X., Lin X., Mo Y., Zhu M.: Analysis of phase noise in CMOS ring oscillator due to substrate noise. IEEE Dallas Circuits and Systems Conf. (DCAS), 2015, pp. 14. DOI 10.1109/DCAS.2015.7356599

  41. Siddiq K., Watson R.J., Pennock S.R., Avery P., Poulton R., Dakin-Norris B.: Phase noise analysis in FMCW radar systems. European Radar Conference (EuRAD), 2015, pp. 501504. DOI 10.1109/EuRAD.2015.7346347

  42. Harada K.: Nonparametric Spectral Estimation of Phase Noise in Modulated Signals Based on Complementary Autocorrelation. IEEE Trans on Signal Processing, Vol. 62, no. 17, 2014, pp. 44794489. DOI 10.1109/TSP.2014.2336606

  43. Georgiadis A., Kalialakis C.: Evaluation of error vector magnitude due to combined IQ imbalances and phase noise. IET Circuits, Devices & Systems, Vol. 8, no. 6, 2014, pp. 421426. DOI 10.1049/iet-cds.2013.0338

  44. Avila-Ruiz J.M., Molina-Fernandez I., Moreno-Pozas L., Moscoso-Martir A.: Ultra-Wideband VCO Phase-Noise Reduction Loop Based on a Six-Port Phase-Shifterless Delay-Line Discriminator. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 62, no. 12, 2014, pp. 30763084. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2014.2366133

  45. Maffezzoni P., Levantino S.: Phase Noise of Pulse Injection-Locked Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 61, no. 10, 2014, pp. 29122919. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2014.2321200

  46. El-Gouhary A., Neihart N.M.: An Analysis of Phase Noise in Transformer-Based Dual-Tank Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 61, no. 7, 2014, pp. 20982109. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2014.2298276

  47. De Smedt V., Gielen G.G.E., Dehaene W.: Transient Behavior and Phase Noise Performance of Pulsed-Harmonic Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 61, no. 7, 2014, pp. 21192128. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2014.2304670

  48. Garampazzi M., Dal Toso S., Liscidini A., Manstretta D., Mendez P., Romano L., Castello R.: An Intuitive Analysis of Phase Noise Fundamental Limits Suitable for Benchmarking LC Oscillators. IEEE Journal of Solid State Circ., Vol. 49, no. 3, 2014, pp. 635 – 645. DOI 10.1109/JSSC.2014.2301760

  49. Wooseok Kim, Jaejin Park, Hojin Park, Deog-Kyoon Jeong: Layout Synthesis and Loop Parameter Optimization of a Low-Jitter All-Digital Pixel Clock Generator. IEEE Journal of Solid State Circ., Vol. 49, no. 3, 2014, pp. 657 – 672. DOI 10.1109/JSSC.2014.2298455

  50. Visweswaran A., Staszewski R.B., Long J.R.: A Low Phase Noise Oscillator Principled on Transformer-Coupled Hard Limiting. IEEE Journal of Solid State Circ., Vol. 49, no. 2, 2014, pp. 373 – 383. DOI 10.1109/JSSC.2013.2285375

  51. Homayoun A., Razavi, B.: Relation Between Delay Line Phase Noise and Ring Oscillator Phase Noise. IEEE Journal of Solid State Circ., Vol. 49, no. 2, 2014, pp. 384 – 391 DOI 10.1109/JSSC.2013.2289893

  52. Agrawal D.K., Seshia A.A.: An Analytical Formulation for Phase Noise in MEMS Oscillators. IEEE Trans on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 61, no. 12, 2014, pp. 19381952. DOI 10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006511

  53. E. Pankratz, E. Sánchez-Sinencio:Survey of integrated-circuit-oscillator phase-noise analysis. Int. J. Circuit Theory & Applications, Vol. 42, no. 9, 2014, pp. 871 – 938. DOI 10.1002/cta.1890

  54. Hong Jun, Yao Sheng-Xing, Li Zhu-lin, Fang Xiao-Yong , Guo Jian: The effect of flicker noise on the phase noise of opto-electronic oscillator. Optik, Vol. 125, no. 4, 2014, pp. 1572 – 1574. DOI 10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.09.006

  55. Hong Jun, Yin Lan: Photonic-delay homodyne technology for low-phase noise measurement. Optik, Vol. 125, no. 7, 2014, pp. 1868 – 1870. DOI 10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.10.035

  56. Hsu Meng-Ting, Li Wei-Jhih, Hsu Yu-Tuan: Design of self-bias tail transistor technique for low phase noise CMOS VCO with harmonic suppression using capacitance ground. Microelectronics J., Vol. 45, no. 1, 2014, pp. 35 – 42. DOI 10.1016/j.mejo.2013.09.010

  57. Lai S. et al.: Accurate Phase-Noise Prediction for a Balanced Colpitts GaN HEMT MMIC Oscillator. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 61, no. 11, 2013, pp. 3916 – 3926. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2013.2282131

  58. Inoue K., Ohta M.: Averaging of phase noise in PSK signals by an opto-electrical feed-forward circuit. Optical Fiber Techn., Vol. 19, no. 5, 2013, pp. 514 – 517. DOI 10.1016/j.yofte.2013.07.004

  59. Herzel F., Ergintav A., Sun Yaoming: Phase noise modeling for integrated PLLs in FMCW radar. IEEE Trans on CAS II : Express Briefs, Vol. 60, no. 3, 2013, pp. 137 – 141. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2013.2240852

  60. Ryu Joongyu G., Oh Deock Gil, Hong Sung-Yong: Consideration on offset LO contribution in the phase noise of offset PLL architecture. Microwave & Optical Techn. Lett., Vol. 55, no. 11, 2013, pp. 2699 – 2701. DOI 10.1002/mop.27923

  61. Portuondo-Campa E., Paschotta R., Lecomte S.: Sub-100 attosecond timing jitter from low-noise passively mode-locked solid-state laser at telecom wavelength. Optics Lett., Vol. 38, no. 15, 2013, pp. 2650 – 2653. DOI 10.1364/OL.38.002650

  62. Shi Ran, Jia Fang-xiu, Qiu An-ping, Su Yan: Phase noise analysis of micromechanical silicon resonant accelerometer. Sensors & Actuators A-Physical, Vol. 197, 2013, pp. 15 – 24. DOI 10.1016/j.sna.2013.03.031

  63. Anthur A.P., Watts R.T., Shi Kai, Carroll J.O., Venkitesh Deepa, Barry Liam P.: Dual correlated pumping scheme for phase noise preservation in all-optical wavelength conversion. Optics Express, Vol. 21, no. 13, 2013, pp. 15568 – 15579. DOI 10.1364/OE.21.015568

  64. Ricciardi I., Mosca S., Maddaloni P., Santamaria L., De Rosa M., De Natale P.: Phase noise analysis of a 10 Watt Yb-doped fibre amplifier seeded by a 1-Hz-linewidth laser. Optics Express, Vol. 21, no. 12, 2013, pp. 14618 – 14626. DOI 10.1364/OE.21.014618

  65. Yuan Jianguo, Bi Wenjuan, Bi Wenjie, Xu Liang: A novel two-stage phase noise estimation algorithm for coherent optical OFDM systems. Optik, Vol. 124, no. 24, 2013, pp. 7053 – 7055. DOI 10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.05.167

  66. M. Bouhouche, S. Latreche, C. Gontrand: Phase noise modeling in LC oscillators implemented in SiGe technology. Journal of Semiconductors, Vol. 34, no. 2, 2013, pp 025001-1 – 025001-7. DOI 10.1088/1674-4926/34/2/025001

  67. Sancho S., Suarez A., Ramirez F.: General Phase-Noise Analysis From the Variance of the Phase Deviation. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 61, no. 1, Part II, 2013, pp. 472 – 481. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2012.2229713

  68. Fernandez E., Ramirez F., Suarez A., Sancho S.: Stability and Phase-Noise Analysis of Pulsed Injection-Locked Oscillators. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 61, no. 1, Part II, 2013, pp. 482 – 491. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2012.2228670

  69. Loh W., Yegnanarayanan S., Ram R.J., Juodawlkis P.W.: Unified Theory of Oscillator Phase Noise I: White Noise. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 61, no. 6, 2013, pp. 2371 – 2381. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2013.2260170

  70. Dapore B.R., Rabb D.J., Haus J.W.: Phase noise analysis of two wavelength coherent imaging system. Optics Express, Vol. 21, no. 25, 2013, pp. 30642 – 30652. DOI 10.1364/OE.21.030642

  71. Bonnin M., Corinto F.: Phase Noise and Noise Induced Frequency Shift in Stochastic Nonlinear Oscillators. IEEE Trans on CAS I: Regular Papers, Vol. 60, no. 8, 2013, pp. 2104 – 2115. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2013.2239131

  72. Bara-Maillet R., Parker S.R., Le Floch J.-M., Tobar M.E.: Intrinsic phase noise properties and frequency stability of millimetre-wave module at 90 GHz. Electronics Lett., Vol. 49, no. 14, 2013, pp. 886 – 887. DOI 10.1049/el.2013.1469

  73. Sadhu B., Ferriss M.A., Natarajan A.S., Yaldiz S., Plouchart J.-O., Rylyakov A.V., Valdes-Garcia A., Parker B.D., Babakhani A., Reynolds S., Li X., Pileggi L., Harjani R., Tierno J.A., Friedman D.: A linearized, low-phase-noise VCO-based 25-GHz PLL with autonomic biasing. IEEE Journal of SSC, Vol. 48, no. 5, 2013, pp. 1138 – 1150. DOI 10.1109/JSSC.2013.2252513

  74. Arsenijevic D., Kleinert M., Bimberg D. : Phase noise and jitter reduction by optical feedback on passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, no. 23, 2013, Article # 231101. DOI 10.1063/1.4837716

  75. Ishizawa Atsushi, Nishikawa Tadashi, Mizutori Akira, Takara Hidehiko , Takada Atsushi , Sogawa Tetsuomi , Koga Masafumi : Phase-noise characteristics of a 25-GHz-spaced optical frequency comb based on a phase- and intensity-modulated laser. Optics Express, Vol. 21, no. 24, 2013, pp. 29186 – 29194. DOI 10.1364/OE.21.029186

  76. Matsko A.B., Eliyahu D., Maleki L. : Theory of coupled optoelectronic microwave oscillator II: phase noise. Journal of the Optical Society of America B-Optical Physics, Vol. 30, no. 12, 2013, pp. 3316 – 3323. DOI 10.1364/JOSAB.30.003316

  77. Hong Jun, Yao Sheng-Xing, Li Zu-Lin, Huang Jun-Xin , Fang Xiao-Wei , Guo Jian : Fiber-length-dependence phase noise of injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator. Microwave & Optical Techn. Lett., Vol. 55, no. 11, 2013, pp. 2568 – 2571. DOI 10.1002/mop.27853

  78. Kuan-Chung Lu, Fu-Kang Wang, Tzyy-Sheng Horng: Ultralow Phase Noise and Wideband CMOS VCO Using Symmetrical Body-Bias PMOS Varactors. IEEE Microwave and Guided Wave Letters, Vol. 23, no. 2, 2013, pp 90 – 92. DOI 10.1109/LMWC.2013.2239635

  79. Homayoun A., Razavi B.: Analysis of Phase Noise in Phase/Frequency Detectors. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 60, no. 3, 2013, pp 529 – 539. DOI 110.1109/TCSI.2012.2215792

  80. Herzel F., Ergintav A., Yaoming Sun: Phase Noise Modeling for Integrated PLLs in FMCW Radar. IEEE Trans on CAS II: Express Briefs, Vol. 60, no. 3, 2013, pp 137 – 141. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2013.2240852

  81. Hua Wang, Ching-Chih Weng, Hajimiri A.: Phase Noise and Fundamental Sensitivity of Oscillator-Based Reactance Sensors. IEEE Trans on MTT, Vol. 61, no. 5, Part II, 2013, pp 2215 – 2229. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2013.2256142

  82. Boudot R., Rubiola E.: Phase noise in RF and microwave amplifiers. IEEE Trans on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 2012, Vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 2613 – 2624. DOI 10.1109/TUFFC.2012.2502

  83. Pardo M., Sorenson L., Ayazi F.: An Empirical Phase-Noise Model for MEMS Oscillators Operating in Nonlinear Regime. IEEE Trans on CAS I : Regular Papers, Vol. 59, no. 5, 2012, pp. 979988. DOI 10.1109/TCSI.2012.2195129

  84. Driscoll M. M.: Modeling phase noise in multifunction subassemblies. IEEE Trans on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 59, no. 3, 2012, pp. 373 – 381. DOI 10.1109/TUFFC.2012.2206

  85. Liao F.-R., Lu S.-S.: A Waveform-Dependent Phase-Noise Analysis for Edge-Combining DLL Frequency Multipliers. IEEE Trans. on MTT, Vol. 60, no. 4, 2012, pp. 1086 – 1096. DOI 10.1109/TMTT.2012.2183379

  86. Tong Shao, Paresys F., Maury G., Le Guennec Y., Cabon B.: Investigation on the Phase Noise and EVM of Digitally Modulated Millimeter Wave Signal in WDM Optical Heterodyning System. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, no. 6, 2012, pp. 876 – 885. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2012.2183340

  87. Kolner B., Mulder T.: Intracavity Phase Modulation and Envelope Phase Noise Transfer in Modelocked Lasers. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 48, no. 5, 2012, pp. 651 – 658. DOI 10.1109/JQE.2012.2188993

  88. H. Mehrpouyan, Ali A. Nasir, S. D. Blostein, T. Eriksson, G. K. Karagiannidis, T. Svensson : Joint Estimation of Channel and Oscillator Phase Noise in MIMO Systems. IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, Vol. 60, no. 9, 2012, pp. 4790 – 4807. DOI 10.1109/TSP.2012.2202652

  89. Bartolo R.E., Tveten A.B., Dandridge A.: Thermal Phase Noise Measurements in Optical Fiber Interferometers. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 48, no. 5, 2012, pp. 720 – 727. DOI 10.1109/JQE.2012.2190717

  90. Barletta L., Magarini M., Spalvieri A.: The Information Rate Transferred Through the Discrete-time Wiener's Phase Noise Channel. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, no. 10, 2012, pp. 1480 – 1486. DOI 10.1109/JLT.2012.2187635

  91. Caprio S.J. : Specifying Upper Bounds on Phase Noise in Phase-Locked Oscillators in Electronic Warfare Systems–Part I. IEEE Microwave Magazine, Vol. 12, no. 7, 2011, pp. 96 – 112. DOI 10.1109/MMM.2011.942703

  92. Traversa F.L., Bonani F.: Analytical assessment of orbital noise effects in ring oscillators. 21st Int. Conf. on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF), 12-16 June 2011, pp 325 – 328. DOI 10.1109/ICNF.2011.5994333

  93. Barbieri A., Colavolpe G.: On the Information Rate and Repeat-Accumulate Code Design for Phase Noise Channels. IEEE Trans on Communicatons, Vol 59, no 12, 2011, pp 3223 – 3228. DOI 10.1109/TCOMM.2011.082011.100217

  94. H. Koeppl, M. Hafner, A. Ganguly, A. Mehrotra : Deterministic characterization of phase noise in biomolecular oscillators. Phys. Biol., Vol. 8, no 5, 2011, pp 055008 (16 pages) DOI 10.1088/1478-3975/8/5/055008

  95. S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, G. Steinmeyer : Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise. Nature Photonics, Vol. 4, 2010, pp 462 – 465. DOI 10.1038/nphoton.2010.91

  96. I-Shing Shen, Tze-Che Huang, Jou C.F.: A Low Phase Noise Quadrature VCO Using Symmetrical Tail Current-Shaping Technique. IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 20, no. 7, 2010, pp. 399 – 401. DOI 10.1109/LMWC.2010.2049438

  97. Levantino S, Collamati L, Samori C, Lacaita A L: Folding of Phase Noise Spectra in Charge-Pump Phase-Locked Loops Induced by Frequency Division. IEEE Trans on CAS II: Express Briefs, Vol. 57, no 9, 2010, pp 671 – 675. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2010.2056072

  98. Namgoong Won: Flicker Noise in Observer-Controller Digital PLL. IEEE Trans on CAS II: Express Briefs, Vol. 57, no 7, 2010, pp 556 – 560. DOI 10.1109/TCSII.2010.2048478

  99. Ki-Won Kim, Ho-Jun Chang, Young-Min Kim, Tae-Yeoul Yun: A 5.8 GHz Low-Phase-Noise LC-QVCO Using Splitting Switched Biasing Technique. Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 20, no 6, 2010, pp 337 – 339. DOI 10.1109/LMWC.2010.2047523

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